Monthly Archives: October 2012

Communicating Ocean Acidification in Bodega Bay

Members of the Smith lab at the Bodega Bay Marine laboratory for a workshop on ocean acidification. Molly Gleason, Maggie Johnson, Nichole Price, Susan Kram

What happens to all of the carbon dioxide that is released into the air from our cars and factories? 

This is a question that concerns many people these days, particularly scientists like myself that are interested in studying the effects of increased CO2 on our marine animals.   Continue reading

A Tropical Oasis for Global Change Research

Maggie Johnson appreciating the beauty of Palmyra beneath the waves.

Palmyra Atoll has quickly become my favorite place on the planet.   It is located roughly 1,000 miles south of Hawaii, and being completely uninhabited, except for the few Nature Conservancy and US Fish & Wildlife team members that operate the station, it is the closest representation of a pristine coral reef in today’s world.  As such, Palmyra presents a really unique opportunity to look at the effects of global stressors, like increased CO2 concentrations or warming temperatures, on marine animals in the absence of other local human impacts, like overfishing and pollution.


Maggie Johnson monitoring an ocean acidification experiment using a hand-held pH probe and meter.

I am one of the lucky few who is able to visit and do research working with the Palmyra Atoll Research Consortium (PARC), and this past September marks my third visit where I continued my research looking at the effects of CO2 on coral reef seaweeds.    My research interests focus on understanding how increasing CO2 concentrations may have long-lasting effects on seaweeds that have important functions on coral reefs, such as crustose coralline algae and fleshy macroalgae.


Jill Harris with an armful of water sampling syringes.

I was accompanied on this most recent trip to Palmyra by 4th year PhD student Jill Harris, post-doc Nichole Price, and my advisor Dr. Jennifer Smith.  We had the pleasure of traveling with the Scripps fish team (members of the Sandin lab): 2nd year PhD student Kate Furby, 5th year PhD student Brian Zgliczynski , post-doc Gareth Williams and PI Dr. Stuart Sandin.  Living and working on a remote atoll in the middle of the Pacific can be challenging at times. We put in long hours in physically exhausting conditions, but the rewards far outweigh the costs as we build camaraderie while conducting cutting edge scientific research, in an astounding location.


We returned from the atoll with a plethora of frozen samples that we will analyze in the lab over the coming months to answer questions like how does CO2 affect calcified versus fleshy seaweeds, and how does CO2 affect algal turf communities?  Stay tuned for the answers to these burning questions!

Dr. Jennifer Smith, Maggie Johnson, and Jill Harris on the way back from a day in the water.

Na Hoku

Flame Angel Fish

I have recently had the chance to photograph a few rare stars on the reef.

Edmonson’s pipefish (Halicampus edmondsoni)

Edmonson's Pipefish

This was a rare find.  My buddy, Don, spotted a mated pair in Kaanapali and took some great shots.  When he contacted the fish experts in Hawaii to confirm his ID, Don learned that he had the first and only pictures of these fish ever taken in the wild.  It was a real treat for Don to invite me down to see the rare pair in person, and perhaps be the second person to ever film these guys in their natural habitat.



Flame angelfish  (Centropyge loricula)

Flame Angel Fish

This is a difficult fish to film.  Not only are they rare on the reef (have only seen one during my 300 dives out here), but they are also great at dancing and dodging into & out of the reef at a rapid pace, seldom holding still to flaunt the beautiful reds, yellows & turquoises their mamma gave them.   Despite their nymph-like agility, patience paid off and I final captured a few decent shots of this remarkable fish.  These are prime targets for aquarium collectors, but I’m glad this little guy has escaped their nets thus far.


Hawaiian Green Lionfish (Dendrochirus barberi)

Called the Turkey Fish by Hoover (but not Randall), this little guy is related to real lionfish and can provide quite the nasty wound with its venomous spines.  Despite this fact, it’s quite a cute little fish.


If you want to learn more about Levi and his research in Maui check out his blog!

scripps oceanography uc san diego